Olive tree characteristics
The olive tree, or Olea europaea, is a tree of Mediterranean origin highly prized for its fruit, the olive, and especially for one of its derivatives, olive oil. It is an evergreen tree with great cultural roots in all Mediterranean countries, especially in Spain, where the largest number of plantations is concentrated, either to commercialize the fruit, the olive or to extract the oil.
The olive tree is not very demanding in terms of soil or substrates, although it does not like humidity very much, making it a perfect tree for our Mediterranean garden. It bears drought very well and prefers sun and heat to cold, although it is also a tree that is very resistant to low temperatures, which is why we can find it in practically the entire peninsula and a large part of European countries, especially in isolation as an ornamental plant.